2002 singles out the achievement of the French Army "refondation". As of today, the results can be compared to the initial objectives and referred to the environment. The budgetary, human and strategic challenges compelled to reconsider the organization. A new model – based on a better use of fewer assets – and a new culture – linked to professionalization – has been conceived and implemented. The current issue is to strengthen the Army in order to guarantee its rank within the Nation and to allocate the necessary resources.