India is currently experiencing a remarkable upsurge in economic power. Its participation in various economic and technological developments has not escaped the eye of observers, who see in this the classic example of an emerging power. However the country has its problems. Above all, India today faces a series of internal challenges and projects on which its future is likely to depend. Water supply, at the national level, is a question of considerable importance: failure to master it could eventually become a brake on India’s economic ambitions.