The NATO summit in Bucharest in April 2008 will be mainly concerned with the issue of accessions. Their number will be limited, and the Allies will hold out encouragement to Ukraine and Georgia. On the operational side Kosovo will no longer be a major concern, and the Allies should agree on a joint strategy on Afghanistan. The issue of the anti-missile shield will remain doubly contentious, from both a transatlantic point of view and that of the future relationship with Russia. This summit appears important, but will above all serve to prepare NATO’s 60th anniversary summit in 2009.