For some years France has been moving towards a multilateral approach in its security and defence policy in Africa, by favouring a European framework. France would like its RECAMP programme (Reinforcement of African Peacekeeping Capabilities), the chief vector of its own policy, to evolve as one of the elements of ESDP (European Security and Defence Policy) in Africa. For its part, the European Union (EU) has drawn up a concept for the reinforcement of African capabilities in the field of crisis prevention and management. One of the aims of this concept is to help coordinate the efforts of member-states in this area. Integrating RECAMP with the European concept depends on the willingness of the Africans as well as the member states, and also on the EU’s ability to absorb the different ‘pillars’ of RECAMP on an institutional basis, and to mobilise the financial resources (European Concept for Reinforcement of African Capabilities, para. 66, 7 July 2006).